Sunday, June 29, 2008

インターネットを変えた15人

takebacktheweb:15 People Who Changed the Internet (Revised Version) From Tbtw Jump to: navigation, search

モデムやwifiをオンにすると,もうインターネットへアクセスすることが許される.
以前,インターネットを変えた10人という記事を書いた.
しかし,その記事に多くの間違いを許してしまった.
この記事は,その埋め合わせだ.では始める

When you turn on your modem or connect to a Wi-Fi access, you are already online which allows access to the Internet. I previously wrote a post about this at 10 Young People Who Changed the Internet. However, I have to admit that I made lots of mistakes in that post, and this post is to make up for it. So, here goes:

1. Larry Page and Sergey Brin (Google Inc.)

おそらく,この中で一番輝く,著名な億万長者だろう.
Larry PageとSergey Brinはインターネットの歴史のなかで一番成功した起業家/開発者の一人だ.
有名なサーチエンジン,Googleのオーナーであり,
これら二人のスタンフォード大博士は,Menlo Park, Californiaのガレージで起業した.
Googleは最初スタンフォード大のウェブサイト(google.stanford.edu)で始まり,
1997年についにGoogle.comのドメインを取得した.
Googleは大体250億ドルの時価総額である.

Perhaps two of the brightest and outstanding billionaires out there, Sergey Brin and Larry Page are one of the world’s most successful Internet entrepreneur/developer ever in history. As the owners of popular web search engine, Google, these two Ph.Ds from Stanford University started in their friend’s garage in Menlo Park, California. Google was first launched on Stanford’s website (google.stanford.edu) and then finally on Google.com as soon as they registered the domain name in 1997. Thus, Google is born and worth at about a staggering $25 billion dollars.

2. Sir Tim Berners-Lee (Created World Wide Web)

Sir Tim Berners-Leeは前回と同じくエントリーした.英語を誇りに思う,英国人だ.
彼はWorld Wide Webを作った開発者だ.
Leeは,MITにあるW3Cの設立者でもある.
ウェブの発展の為にに,基盤を作ろうとする企業の複合団体だ.

Sitting at #2 is Sir Tim Berners-Lee, an Englishman whom the English will be proud of. He is a developer who invented the World Wide Web. Sir Tim Berners-Lee is also the founder of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at Massachusetts Institute of Technology which comprises of companies that are willing to create standards and improvements of the Web.

3. Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook)

もっとも素晴らしく,そして今世紀最も成功した若者である.
ハーバード卒,24歳,最年少の億万長者だ.
彼はFacebookを設立し,そのSNSはMyspaceを脅かし,他の小さいSNSをつぶしている.
Zuckerbergは2004年,ハーバードの寮でFacebookを始め,
その後すぐにIvy League schoolsやBostonの学会に広めて行った.
しかしZuckerbergがFacebookが使っている機能と同じコード(connectUという)を書く為に雇った,大学時代の友人は,
見返りを要求した.
しかし契約書などがない理由から,裁判所は訴えを却下した.
Zuckerbergは約15億ドルの資産をもっている.

One of the most admired and successful youngster of this century, this 24 years old Harvard graduate is the world’s youngest billionaire. He founded the online social networking website, Facebook, which has poised threats to leading social networking site, MySpace and has collapsed other smaller sites. Zuckerberg launched TheFacebook (FaceMatch) from his Harvard dorm room in 2004 and started promoting it to all Ivy League schools and some Boston institutions. Soon, he bought over Facebook.com domain name. However, few of his old Harvard friends claimed they hired Zuckerberg to write codes for their website, ConnectU which has the same functions with Facebook. As there are no contracts or whatsoever, the lawsuit was dismissed in 2007. Mark Zuckerberg has an approximate net worth of $1.5 billion dollars.

4. Shawn Fanning (Napster, Rupture)

Napstar(最初にP2Pファイル共有のプラットフォーム)
の設立者,Shawn Fanningはコンピュータエンジニアで,
彼がまだBostonのNortheastern Universityにいた頃にNapstarを開発した.
しかし,音楽業界からの告訴により,Napstarは2006年12月にRoxio Incの傘下に入った.
現在はRupture開発の後押し, World of Warcraft(オンラインゲーム)のSNSツールの開発などを行っている.

Inventor of Napster, the first popular peer-to-peer file sharing platform. Shawn Fanning, a computer programmer, developed Napster when he was still pursuing his studies in Northeastern University, Boston. However, due to several lawsuits by music industry-backed sectors, Napster has then become property of Roxio Inc. In December 2006, Fanning developed Rupture, a social networking tool that facilitates profiles and communications of online gamers in World of Warcraft.

5. Kevin Rose (Digg)

多分インターネットで最も失敗した人間であろう.
理想家でTVのホストを勤めるKevin Roseは,Diggユーザと彼のTVのファン全員に大きな衝撃を与えた.
彼は昔,G4TV’s The Screen Savers (後のAttack of the Show)のホストの一人であった.
その後2005年に引退した.
彼は,Digg(ソーシャルブックマークサイト)で人気だったPownce and Revision3の共同創立者でもあった.
彼は2004年,eLance(プログラマの派遣会社)を通して,1時間12ドルでフリーのプログラマを雇い,
Diggを創立した.
その後Digg.comドメインを1200ドルで買い,サーバスペースを買った.
DiggはOmidyar Network, Netscape 共同設立者のMarc Andreessen,Greylock Partnersなどのベンチャーキャピタルなどから,
28億ドルを受け取って,急成長をとげた.

Perhaps one of the most biggest losers of the internet, idealist and TV show host, Kevin Rose is definitely placed a huge impacts among all Digg users, and his TV shows fans. He used to co-host G4TV’s The Screen Savers (which later renamed to Attack of the Show) and then, left the network in 2005. He also co-founded Pownce and Revision3 besides his popular Digg.com, social-bookmarking website. He created Digg in 2004 by hiring a freelance programmer who Kevin Rose paid $12 per hour through eLance. Kevin Rose later bought Digg.com domain name for $1,200 and then went on to buy larger server space. Digg received an ultra boost of capitals when they received $2.8 million of venture capital from Omidyar Network, Netscape co-founder Marc Andreessen and Greylock Partners.

6. Matt Mullenweg (WordPress)

Matt MullenwegがWordpressを作っていなかったら,このブログも存在しなかっただろう.
Worldpressはオープンソースのblog用ソフトだ.
彼は,Wordpressの裏でスパムと戦うAkismetを提供する,Automattic社を設立した.
24歳のとき,この若い開発者はCNETを辞め,Wordpress開発に注力するようになった.
彼は19歳の時,Wordpressの核を最初に作り,成長させてきた.
多くのブロガーが他のプラットフォームを止め,Wordpressを使うようになってきている.

This blog might not even exist if Matt Mullenweg did not invented WordPress, an open-source blogging software. He also founded Automattic, the business behind WordPress as well as famous spam fighter, Akismet. At the age of 24, this young developer quitted his job at CNET to fully focus on developing WordPress’ blogging platform. He firstly invented the core of WordPress ath the age of 19 and as WordPress matures, many bloggers are leaving other blogging platforms to use WordPress.

7. Bram Cohen (BitTorrent)

Bram Cohenは開発者として,
そしてP2PソフトBitTorrentを共同設立し,さらにプロトコルとファイル共有のプログラムを書いた人物として知られている.
彼はCodeCon共同設立者でもあり,そのコードCodevilleを共同開発もしている.
2001年,MojoNationを辞め,BitTorrentに注力し始めた.
彼は最初,このアイデアをCodeConカンフェレンスで発表し,
フリーのポルノ画像をエサに,betaテスターを募った.
その後,Valueで働くのに時間を割くようになったが,
その仕事も辞め,兄弟とビジネスパートナーと共にBitTorrent Incに戻った.

Bram Cohen is best known as the developer, co-founder and author behind peer-to-peer BitTorrent protocol and its file sharing program. He is also the co-founder of CodeCon and co-author of Codeville. In 2001, he quits his job at MojoNation to work in BitTorrent. He firstly revealed his ideas in a CodeCon conference and started luring beta testers by collecting free pornography. He then spent some time working with Valve, but quits his job later to work in BitTorrent Inc.with his brother and business partner.

8. Pierre Omidyar (eBay)

Pierre Omidyarは売り手と買い手をつなげる,オンラインオークションeBayの設立者である.
約77億ドルの資産を持ち,Omidyarと妻Pamは利益以上のことの先駆者でもある.
利益を上げていない団体や,設立したての団体に援助を行っている.
彼は1995年,28歳のときにeBayのコードを書いた.
最初にオークションの名前をEcho Bayと決めたとき,echobay.comというドメインは取得出来なかった.
プロバイダのコストを節約するため,eBay.comを取得した.

Pierre Omidyar is the founder of eBay, an online auctioning marketplace that connects buyers and sellers. With a net worth of about $7.7 billion dollars, Omidyar and his wife Pam, are one of those entrepreneurs that go beyonds doing profits, which is by contributing to non-profits organizations and aiding start-ups. He wrote the source code of eBay when he was 28 years old in 1995. Initially, he decided to name his auction site after his consulting firm, Echo Bay but echobay.com was not available. To save up his Internet service provider cost, he registered eBay.com.

9. Mike Morhaime (Blizzard Entertainment - World of Warcraft)

Mike Morhaimeは成功しているゲーム会社のBlizzard Entertainmentの社長だ.
同社は人気オンラインゲームWorld of Warcraft (WoW)を出している.
WoWは1000万人以上のプレーヤーがおり,
Morhaimeの年収は15億ドル以上である.

Michael Morhaime is the President of Blizzard Entertainment, a successful computer games company that created the all-popular online gaming fantasy, World of Warcraft (WoW). WoW has over 10 million online gamers, raking Morhaime at least $1.5 billion every year.

10. Jimmy Wales (Wikipedia)

10番目はWikipediaの共同設立者, Jimmy Walesである.
オンラインで,内容がオープンな百科事典で,2001年に設立された.
Jimmy Walesは最初,限定公開のオープン百科事典,Nupediaを始めた.
その後,Nupediaにwikiの技術を合わせ,現在のWikipediaとなった.

At # 10 is Jimmy Wales, the co-founder of Wikipedia, the online open-content encyclopedia which is founded in 2001. He is also the co-founder of Wikia, a privately own web hosting company set up in 2004. Jimmy Wales firstly started a peer-reviewed, open-content encyclopedia which is Nupedia. He then, utilized the ideas of Nupedia with his “wiki” software to form today’s Wikipedia.

11. Craig Newmark (Craigslist)

Craig NewmarkはCraigslistを開発した,インターネット開拓者の一人だ.
一ヶ月に1410万ページビューを誇る,Craigslist.orgはもっとも訪問者のあるサイトだ.
Craigslistは交流,フリー広告,様々なトピックのフォーラムが中心になっている.

Craig Newmark is an Internet entrepreneur that invented the Craigslist. With over 14.1 million pageviews a month, Craigslist.org is one of the most visited website on the Internet. Craigslist is a centralized network of communities, featuring free advertisements and forums on various topics.

12. Chad Hurley and Steve Chen (YouTube)

Chad Hurley and Steve Chenは超有名なオンライン動画共有サイトYouTubeの設立者だ.
Chad Hurleyは昔,eBayのPayPalデザイン部門におり,PayPalのロゴデザインも行っている.
同じくPayPalで一緒だったJared KarimとSteve Chenと共に,2005年にYouTubeを設立した.
後にGoogleがYouTubeを16億5000万ドルで買収した.
YouTubeを設立したとき,Chad Hurleyは28才で,Steve Chenは27才だった.

Chad Hurley and Steve Chen are the founders of super popular online video streaming and sharing website, YouTube. Chad Hurley used to work for eBay’s PayPal in the designing department where he designed PayPal’s logo. Together with PayPal colleagues, Jared Karim and Steve Chen, they founded YouTube in 2005. Google later acquires YouTube at $1.65 billion dollars. Chad Hurley was 28 years old and Steve Chen was 27 years old when they founded YouTube.

13. David Filo and Jerry Yang (Yahoo! Inc)

Yahoo!は二人のスタンフォード大の電子エンジニア,
David FiloとJerry Yangによって設立された.
Jerryはインターネットに“Jerry’s Guide to the World Wide Web”
という名前で,ウェブページのリストをインターネットに公開していた.
その後,二人はYahooにスイッチする.URLはakebono.stanford.edu/yahoだった.
1994年,その限定サイトは既に100万ヒットを記録していた.
手応えを感じ,二人はYahoo!をウェブポータルとして進化させることにした.
Davidの資産は29億ドル,Jerryは23億ドルだ.

Yahoo! is also founded by 2 Stanford University’s Electrical engineer graduates, namely David Filo and Jerry Yang. Jerry Yang started by started a list of web pages on the Internet and it was named “Jerry’s Guide to the World Wide Web”. Then, they decided to switch to Yahoo! and the initial URL was at akebono.stanford.edu/yaho. In December 1994, that particular website had already received over a million hits. Realizing its potential, David Filo and Jerry Yang got serious and diversified Yahoo! as a web portal. David Filo’s net worth is $2.9 billion dollars and Jerry Yang’s is $2.3 billion dollars.

14. Jack Ma (Alibaba)

#14はAlibaba Group COO,Jack Maだ.
彼は1999年に中国ベースの市場動向を国際ビジネスに提供する,Alibaba.comを設立した.
Alibaba GroupはeBayそっくりなオンラインオークションサイト,TaoBao.comを設立した.
PayPalの代わりに,AliPayを使う.
Yahoo!は10億ドル以上を投じ,株の40%を取得した.


Sitting at # 14 is Jack Ma, the founder and Chief Operating Officer of the Alibaba Group. He founded Alibaba.com in 1999, which is a China-based business marketplace site that serves international businesses. Alibaba Group then founded TaoBao.com, which is an online auction website that is pretty much similar to eBay and instead of paying through PayPal, TaoBao’s currency is AliPay. Yahoo Inc. then acquires a staggering 40% stakes worth over $1 billion dollars.

15. Jeff Preston Bezos (Amazon)

Jeff PrestonはAmazon.comの設立者であり,議長であり,社長であり,CEOでもある.
Amazon.comはメジャーなオンライン販売サイトであり,ネット経由で物を販売している.
彼の資産は82億ドルだ.

Jeff Bezos is the founder, chairman of board, president and the chief executive officer of Amazon.com, a major e-commerce company that sells goods through the Internet. His net worth is currently at a staggering $8.2 billion dollars.

以上がトップの15人だ.
何かあれば,意見やフィードバックを歓迎する.
コメントを残してほしい.
追伸:このリストは,思いついたことをランダムにアレンジし,書いている.

That’s all for the Top 15. Any ideas, suggestions or feedbacks are welcome. Just leave me a comment.
P.S. The list is randomly arranged according to who first came into my mind at the time I am writing this post. Thanks

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